Auaukiterangi - The Sacred House of Tainui Maketu Marae
Auaukiterangi was an ariki, or high chief in Hawaiiki, the former homeland of the Maori across the seas. He was the father of Hoturoa, the commander of the Tainui canoe of the Great Migration of circa 1350 A.D. Auaukiterangi and his eldest son, Pumaiterangi, remained in Hawaiiki.
In the naming of this house the Tainui people of Maketu Marae, have followed the example of the Arawa tribes who named their carved house at Maketu in the Bay of Plenty, after, Houmaitawhiti, the father of Tamatekapua, the commander of Te Arawa Canoe. Houmaitawhiti also remained in Hawaiki.
The name of Hoturoa has already been bestowed on the Ngati Raukawa meeting house at Aotearoa, in the Wharepuhunga ranges near Te Awamutu.
In like manner the name of Tamatekapua had also been bestowed on the meeting house which still stands at Ohinemutu, Rotorua.
The meeting house, Houmaitawhiti, has since been moved to Otara marae on the shores of Lake Rotoiti.
As a link with Hawaiiki the naming of this house after the ancestor, Auaukiterangi, "Elevated to the heavens", is a fitting tribute to one who blessed the Tainui Canoe and the crew, and bade them farewell from the palm-fringed beach in Hawaiiki, that far off homeland across the Great Ocean of Kiwa.
Tane i ahua, i apoa ki te po uriuri
Ki te po tango tango ki tua o pae!
Tenei te toki a Rata ka u, ka mau,
ka ranga ki te te tahuhu nui o Rehua!
Kia ara ake ana ia ko Tane i te pupuhi!
Ma te tohunga tai i te kawa e kawe te karakia nei kia eke ki te whiti tua-waru e whai ake nei
Taimaha koe i te kahua pou;
Pou nui, pou roa, pou Whatatupua. Horahorahia nga korero ki roto o whare-kura.
Amo ake au i taku toki, ko Te A whio-rangi! Toki nui, toki roa, toki haha;
Toki, amohia ake taku toki nei ki te ue-whiti,
ki te ue-roa,
Kia rahirahi me ona whiwhinga, me ona rawenga!
Ko wai te ingoa o tenei whare?
The introductory Maori text gives the opening stanza, and the eighth verse of the solemn dedication of a superior assembly house.
e Kawanga Solemn Dedication:
O Tane! Searched for and brought hither
From the dark-green Night;
From the Night of Sacred-darkness,
And from over the horizon!
This is the axe of Rata
Which struck, bit into, and was wielded
On the main ridge-piece of Rehua!
When raised up on high,
Tane awaited his adorning!
The high priest will chant the succeeding lines unto the eighth stanza which will now be given:
Ye who are heavy-laden gather by the pillar;
The big pillar, the tall pillar, the dedicated pillar.
The orations are to be made within the sacred house.
I shall now bear my axe on high as it it were te awhio-rangi!
'tis renowned, long-handled-a sharpened axe
this axe of mine, which I now bear on high
to its abiding place,
To be re-sharpened, rebound and adorned anew.
What is to be the name of this House'?
The Building of the House
The moving spirit behind the project, to erect a carved meeting house on the Maketu marae (courtyard) was the late Princess Te Puea Herangi C. B. E.
She arranged for suitable totara timber to be delivered. at the Tainui Carving School, Ngaruawahia, where her nephew, the late Tamati Wanikore Herangi, did the carvings with the assistance of a team of Waikato carvers.
Tamati also also supervised the laying down of the foundations and the building operations.
Mirione Pinga assisted Tamati with the preparations of the plans and specifications.
Tamati died early in 1858, and the completion of the building has since been supervised by Te Ngaehe Herangi and Hemi Kakuere.
In accordance with the general pattern of tribal meeting houses throughout the land, on the wall posts and the free standing pillars of Auaukiterangi House, the carved figures mostly represent renowned ancestors with here and there figures of taniwha dragons or fabulous monsters, associated with the traditions of the Tainui tribes.
The carved human figures have been named after Tainui ancestors.
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